Their rock art can still be found in many places throughout South Africa.
It is estimated that Bantu tribes may have started to slowly expand into the northernmost areas of what is today Southern Africa around 2,500 years ago and by around 500 AD the different cultural groups had been established in the lush areas to the north and east of the what is today known as Eastern South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Two wars for control over Transvaal and Natal were fought between the Boers and the British in 18.
The second war occurred after British settlers flooded into the area surrounding Johannesburg known as the "Witwatersrand" (white water escarpment) in response to the discovery of gold in 1886.
It is a vast country with widely varying landscapes and has 11 official languages, as well as an equally diverse population.